Aisha Bakari Gombi was recently crowned as Sarauniyar Baka Adamawa, or Queen of Adamawa Hunters, by the leader of the Hunters Association in Adamawa State, Usman Tola at an annual gathering of hunters attended by hunters from all over Nigeria, as well as Cameroon and Niger Republic. The eldest child of a famous hunter, Bakari Gombi, she was born into a family of archers who hunted wild animals for sport.
Aisha’s father discovered her potential early on, and took time to guide her along the path of the tradition that has brought him recognition across Adamawa and Borno states, as well as parts of Cameroon. As a cocky teen, she always attracted the attention of male colleagues, who were often stunned by her abilities and dexterity in handling of dane guns and other hunting gear.
Aisha would brave forests in Adamawa, Borno and more, on hunting expeditions to compete with established male hunters, bagging all sorts of wild animals including buffalos, antelopes, and even lions. Then the involvement of vigilantes in the ongoing war against Boko Haram saw Aisha participate in several battles, locking horns with the insurgents. Her experience as a huntress, she believes, gave her the courage to face Boko Haram when they invaded her hometown. Dressed in a long-sleeved jacket, combat trousers and jungle boots, with her head covered with a scarf, Aisha held her dane gun firmly while three stern-looking men stood behind her. She is commanding dozens of men at the war front where they assist the military in the war against insurgency in the North-East.
The Sarauniyar Bakan Adamawar, who doubles as a tailor, said many people in her community found her interest in hunting strange, and even immoral. Wild gossip made her friends advise her to quit hunting to concentrate on her tailoring business. But on the other hand, Aisha’s role in dislodging Boko Haram from Gombi and surrounding villages made her a bona fide hero, endearing her to many.
As seven abducted women and four children were being taken deeper into Sambisa forest, Aisha Bakari Gombi received a call. The voice was familiar: an army commander asking her to assemble a group of hunters to track them down. The 11 had vanished earlier that day after a group of Boko Haram militants attacked their village, Daggu. Three local people were shot dead and cars, houses and food stores set ablaze.
Daggu is a half-hour drive from Chibok where more than 200 schoolgirls were abducted in April 2014. Both villages are in the region of Borno state in north-eastern Nigeria, which has become all too familiar with such attacks by the world’s deadliest terrorist group. Bakari Gombi grew up near the Sambisa forest, where the extremists still operate despite a military offensive last year that destroyed many of their major camps. She used to hunt antelopes, baboons and guinea fowl with her grandfather. Now she hunts Boko Haram. There are thousands of hunters in the region who have been enlisted by the military on an ad hoc basis. But Bakari Gombi is one of only a handful of women involved and she has become a heroine for hunters and local people alike. Her gallantry has won her the title “queen hunter”. The first rescue mission in Daggu failed “because Boko Haram was heavily armed. But we saw where [the girls] are being held,” Bakari Gombi explains the morning after. “We could free them if the military would give us better weapons,” she adds, eyeing the double-barrel shotgun on her lap.
Like many in the rural regions of north-east Nigeria, Bakari Gombi is Muslim but also believes in traditional spirits. One of her rituals is to douse fellow hunters with a secret potion to protect them from bullets. The 38-year-old leads a command of men aged 15-30 who communicate using sign language, animal sounds and even birdsong. “Boko Haram know me and fear me,” says Bakari Gombi whose band of hunters has rescued hundreds of men, women and children. The Nigerian army began recruiting women in 2011 and, while the numbers remain low nationwide, in this region some women have very personal reasons for joining the counterinsurgency. One of those is Hamsat Hassan, whose sister was kidnapped by Boko Haram two years ago. She has not been seen since. “I couldn’t fire a gun when I asked to join the Hunters’ Association in a town also called Gombi, but all I knew was that I wanted to avenge the people who abducted my sister,” she says. Hassan’s grandparents look after her seven children so she is available to hunt whenever her services are called on. While most of the group are volunteers who juggle their commitments with other jobs, Bakari Gombi and Hassan are among the 228 male and female hunters who were recruited on a more formal basis last year by a local government official. But by October the 10,000 naira (£25) allowances paid to the hunters had stopped. Two months later most of the team had pulled out of the programme, though some, including Bakari Gombi and Hassan, remained committed to the fight.
Bukar Jimeta, the commander of the Gombi Hunters’ Association, says though Boko Haram is regrouping in the surrounding areas, the collapse of the programme and lack of funds have left them unable to tackle the growing threat. The hunters are not the only ones experiencing financial difficulty. In December a group of Nigerian soldiers uploaded a video to YouTube in which they appealed for equipment, food and water. The army also faces a corruption scandal at the highest level. The former national security adviser, Sambo Dasuki, is due to stand trial for allegedly stealing £1.8bn allocated for weapons to fight Boko Haram. The hunters believe their tracking skills are vital to the army’s counterinsurgency efforts, no matter how under-resourced they may be.